Bank

 Expect NIMs to be in the range of 3.2-3.3% – Federal Bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Thursday, Nifty closed lower at 17,110 (-1%) in the highly volatile session after Federal Reserve in its policy outcome indicated interest rates hike soon.

PSU BANK (+5.1%), BANK (+0.7%), and MEDIA (+0.6%) were the top gainers and IT (-3.6%), CONSUMER DURABLES (-2.3%), and HEALTHCARE INDEX (-2.3%) were top losing sectors.

The top losers were HCLTECH (-3.9%), TECHM (-3.6%), and DRREDDY (-3.4%) while AXISBANK (+3.3%), SBIN (+2.8%) and CIPLA (+2.3%) were the top gainers.

 Expect NIMs to be in the range of 3.2-3.3% – Federal Bank

Edited excerpts of an interview with Mr. Shyam Srinivasan, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Bank with ETNow on 25th January 2022:

  • In 3QFY22, Federal Bank’s advances grew by 4.5% QoQ and 12% YoY. 3QFY22 showed all-around improvement. The performance was broad-based which is an encouraging sign. Some businesses were driven by economic activity and the bank’s gain in market share.
  • In 3QFY22:
    • Corporate business come back strongly, and
    • Retail, which has been trending well, gathered steam and kept its pace with the developments in the economy.
  • The overall numbers show credit growth and improvement in the quality of the book.
  • The credit quality of the Bank is normally in the top quartile and credit costs have been well managed across lengths of time because of disciplined lending.
  • In 3QFY22, Federal Bank recorded its best-ever net profit and ROA crossed 1%. It crossed the Rs 5,000 mn quarter mark in net profits. So, it has been a diversified, broad-based, and on-target performance.
  • Generally, Bank’s performance is ahead of the industry by a multiple. As the economy picked up pace in 3QFY22, Federal Bank saw a good pick up and its market share gain amplified. The bank is witnessing organic, structural, and holistic growth and it is not one-off bolstering performance.
  • The bank is confident of continuing its momentum in 4QFY22E provided the economy is moderately affected by Coronavirus third wave.
  • The bank believes that green shoots in the economy should play through and if it does, the bank’s market share gain will be even more pronounced.
  • Looking at the last two-three years of the incremental credit in the country, the bank’s share is higher than its normal market share.
  • The bank is gathering momentum across and believes as things improve in the economy, its market share gain should be visible across the spectrum.
  • The credit cost of the bank has reached its bottom at 22 bps and there is no scope for further improvement. Mr. Srinivasan thinks that a normalized credit cost on an annualized basis of around 50-60 bps in a steady state would be a good place to be in. The bank always tries to maintain a balance between the kind of business momentum, and credit cost.
  • Recovery upgrade for 3QFY22 was strong and close to Rs 3,000 mn. Slippages in 3QFY22 were Rs 3,300 mn and almost matched the slippages of the 2QFY22. The incremental recovery upgrades are doing well, and collection efficiency is strong.
  • The CEO expects to see a pick up in capex in 2HCY22 as capacities are getting built-in.
  • Bank’s share gain is visible as it doesn’t have the baggage of any adverse credit and companies are beginning to look at borrowing opportunities. For a greater part of CY21 corporates had other borrowing opportunities to meet their credit requirements but those are turning out to be a little more expensive. So, banking and bank credit are looking more attractive and as that happens, Federal Bank is well-positioned to gain share.
  • Sequentially, the corporate book grew ~7% in 3QFY22. The bank is confident that this will repeat as its strengths, reach out programs and appetite remains strong. Bank thinks as capex picks up, the corporate book will grow even faster.
  • The Bank has been giving NIMs guidance to be in the range of 3.2% to 3.3%. The bank is presently at 3.27% levels and sees room for improvement of another 5 odd basis points.
  • NIMs are impacted by the mix of the book, frequency of credit growth, the quantum of credit growth, and reversals in slippages. Bank has successfully controlled all these variables and demonstrated NIMs expansion. Typically, in a rising interest rate scenario, NIMs tend to expand for banks.

Asset Multiplier Comments

  • We think the Bank’s performance in terms of the advances growth, profitability, and asset quality has been strong.
  • We expect this momentum to continue considering the improving economic condition which will aid higher disbursements and better asset quality.

Consensus Estimate (Source: market screener website)

  •  The closing price of Federal Bank was ₹ 100/- as of 27-January-2022. It traded at 1.08x/0.98x/ 0.87x the consensus Book Value Per Share estimates of ₹ 88.4/ 98.1/ 110 for FY22E/FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 118/- implies a PBVPS Multiple of 1.07x on FY24E BVPS estimate of ₹ 110/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

 

 

 

Expect loan book growth of 9.5% in FY22E – SBIN

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Monday, NIFTY closed in the green at 18,003 (+1.1%). Among the sectoral indices, PSU BANK (+3.2%), MEDIA (+2.6%), and REALTY (+1.2%) closed higher while none closed in the red. Among stocks, UPL (+4.6%), HEROMOTOCO (+3.3%), and TITAN (+3.1%) were the top gainers while WIPRO (-2.3%), NESTLEIND (-1.0%), and DIVISLAB (-0.9%) were among the top losers.

Excerpts from an interview of Mr. Ashwani Bhatia, MD, State Bank of India (SBIN) with CNBC-TV18 dated 7th January 2022:

  • The management stated that a big part of the stress in the banking system, which mostly consists of the corporate sector, has been reduced and that they are not witnessing any further tension.
  • RBI in their financial stability report talked about some stress buildup on account of COVID, looking at the trajectory of the virus at the moment. But as an industry, the management thinks that things are pretty much in place for decent growth.
  • Management is optimistic about the growth pipeline, the majority of which is expected to result from increased government activity. The national monetization strategy has already taken off, and InvITs are receiving favorable coverage. According to management, more economic activity would benefit the industry. Management expects the loan book to grow at 9.5 percent in FY22E and 7-9 percent in the next 5 years.
  • Mr. Bhatia stated that the retail sector was never a concern. The retail book is generally small ticket, and the housing sector is by far the most important for all banks. In general, delinquencies in the housing industry are quite low. On the personal loan side, some evaluation is done at the backend because the clients are primarily salaried persons or government employees; hence, management anticipates this stress to be managed under 0.5 percent for FY22E.
  • Despite the fact that the RBI has emphasized the stress that the MSME sector is under, as well as the significance of closely monitoring these problematic loans, SBI management, in particular, feels that things cannot get much worse. Today, all public sector banks are well-capitalized, and their high net worth is sufficient to handle loan expansion in the next few years. The bank’s NPA levels are quite constant, and the operating profit and provisions are also adequate.
  • Reliance Industries raised about $400 mn, the biggest issue by any Indian business done overseas, with one of the main reasons being the cheaper cost of financing as opposed to borrowing from a bank. On the subject of whether the trend may lead to a loss of market share for banks, management stated that it is a very beneficial development since it helps local institutions de-risk. Well-managed businesses are gaining access to international funding. After factoring in the hedging cost, the LIBOR, and the spread, the resulting rate would be close to the domestic rate. However, many of the enterprises do not need to hedge since they have a large export book. As a result, the cost of funding is significantly reduced.

Asset Multiplier comments:

  • The asset quality forecast appears to be positive since the worst phase of the corporate cycle appears to be behind the industry. Despite the tough circumstances, it reported good FY21 results. We anticipate that robust loan and deposit growth, as well as continuing recovery, will maintain the earnings momentum.
  • We believe the bank is well-positioned to deliver strong advances and PAT growth on the back of strong retail franchise and recovery in the asset quality, particularly the corporate book. We expect the bank to benefit from economic recovery and recovery of the benign corporate credit cycle.

Consensus Estimate: (Source: Market screener website and Tikr)

  • The closing price of SBI was ₹ 504 as of 10-January-2022. It traded at 1.6x/1.4x/1.3x the consensus Book Value per share estimate of ₹ 300/ 340 / 388 / for FY22E/FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus average target price is ₹ 625 /- which implies a PB per share multiple of 1.6x on FY24E BVPS of ₹ 388/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

 

Private CAPEX visible as demand came back post 2nd wave – Axis Bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Wednesday, Nifty ended higher at 17,470 (+1.7%). PSU BANK (+2.6%), MEDIA (+2.5%), and AUTO (2.3%) were the top sectoral gainers and there were no sectoral losers. Among the NIFTY50 stocks, BAJFINANCE (+3.6%), MARUTI (+3.2%), and HINDALCO (+3.1%) were the top gainers while HDFCLIFE (-1.2%), KOTAKBANK (-0.8%), and POWERGRID (-0.3%) were the top losers.

Edited excerpts of an interview with Mr. Amitabh Chaudhry, MD and CEO of Axis Bank with CNBCTV18 on 7th December 2021:

  • After the 2nd wave of COVID-19, the credit demand came back, government spending increased, the festive season also went well, and the reinvestment coming back. RBI data shows corporate growth in October-2021 after the consistent decline in the previous 12 months.
  • The government spending increased across all sectors, especially in Infrastructure and Defence. Mr. Chaudhry said private capex is visible in refineries, renewable energy, data storage, warehousing, logistics, and commodities. He expects in the next 9 to 12 months real capex will resume but it’s dependent on the virus situation.
  • Chaudhry said the bank’s growth is in line and similar to its peers in sectors in which Axis Bank wants to grow.
  • The Bank did not see any growth in the large corporate segment due to the pricing. It sees the rates in this segment are not similar to the one it wants to lend at. As the private capex and risk premium come back then it will start lending again to the large corporates.
  • Overall Axis Bank’s unsecured loan is under control within the risk guidelines. It sees some scope of growth in the credit card segment, as the AUM in the credit card declined post-Covid and is now recovering.
  • On the unsecured personal loan side, Axis Bank sees decent growth and expects that to pick up as the market for personal loans is huge. On the credit card side, it has seen good acquisition momentum, and Axis Bank continues to sign up new alliances and that should reflect on the credit card segment growth.
  • Chaudhry said the granularity of their deposit franchise suffered over the last 5 to 7 years and Axis has been gradually building it back. From 2020 onwards every quarter their CASA deposits growth has been catching up with industry leaders and the transformation that they are undertaking on their liability side will continue to add that growth going forward.
  • Chaudhry further said that the kind of deposits they have, the outflow percentage as decided by RBI are higher and they have a higher proportion of their assets and investments which carry lower interest margins.

Asset Multiplier Comments:

  • We expect margins to improve in the near-term on the back of an improvement in its product mix which is expected to change in favour of retail segments, granular liability franchise, and a reduction in the mix of Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) bonds.
  • Stable asset quality, higher recoveries and healthy provision coverage ratio of ~70% coupled with additional provision buffer is likely to support bank’s balance sheet from any potential stress.

 Consensus Estimate (Source: market screener and TIKR websites)

  • The closing price of AXISBANK was ₹ 696/- as of 08-December-21. It traded at 2x/1.6x/1.5x the consensus BVPS estimate of ₹ 369/417/475 for FY22E/ FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 948/- implies a PB multiple of 2.3x on FY23E BVPS of ₹ 417/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Expect 9-10% credit growth by end of FY22 – State Bank of India

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, NIFTY closed at 18,044 (+0.1%). AUTO (+1%), OIL and GAS (+0.8%), and PSU BANK (+0.8%) led the sectorial gainers. FINANCIAL SERVICES (-0.7%), FINANCIAL SERVICES 25/50 (-0.6%), and FMCG (-0.3%) were sectoral losers. The top gainers in NIFTY50 were M&M (+5.2%), TATAMOTORS (+2.0%), and HEROMOTOCO (+1.0%). The top losers were BRITANNIA (-3%), HDFC BANK (-2%), and HDFC (-1%).

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Dinesh Kumar Khara, Chairman, State Bank of India (SBIN) with CNBC-TV18 on 08th November 2021:

  • In two to three broad components the credit growth is seen. One is retail credit, which has grown more than 15% on a YOY basis. Muted growth was seen in corporate credit.
  • SBIN got unavailed limits, both in working capital as well as undisbursed term loans, and both of them aggregate to about Rs 4,500,000 mn. SBI also got the pipeline for the proposals which are being processed of Rs 1,150,000 mn.
  • SBIN expects as capacity utilisation improves, there will be a good credit growth in corporate sector in near term. The numbers are quite good in the month of October for the corporate credit and the bank expects there should be a decent growth will be seen in corporate credit in 2HFY22.
  • SBIN registered a credit growth of more than 6% on YoY. The company’s Retail and International book both performed well, international book growing more than 16% on YoY. But the corporate side is the only one which was pulling down the growth.
  • SBIN expects credit growth to be in the range of 9% to 10% at the end of FY22.
  • SBIN is processing loans of commodity, infrastructure, and FMCG sectors. The commodity sector is expected to reach its full capacity utilization and they are expanding and also the demand was back on track in FMCG sector. As a result of this, SBIN expects good credit growth from these sectors.
  • On NPAs, SBIN does not see any challenges as far as corporate credit is concerned. As far as retail is concerned the quality of retail is quite good. SBIN expects to operate in a range of 3.1% to 3.25% in Net Interest Margins.
  • SBIN witnessed some challenges in end of 1QFY22, but the collection machinery was improved significantly. They started pre-collection calls which means they informing customers well in advance for their EMI due. The customer centricity helped in reducing stress asserts in the retail sector.
  • SBIN has a restructured book of Rs 3,00,000 mn. History suggests about 30% of restructured book has a probability of becoming NPA. The current restructuring has happened essentially on account of the disruption in cash flow due to Covid-19. SBIN has seen an improvement in cash flows.
  • SBIN made the Covid related provisions of Rs 62,000 mn. They have provided well for the potential risk which might emanate from this.
  • SBIN collaborated with many fintech companies when it comes to offering their digital solutions. The Bank is actively engaged in terms of looking at what value addition fintech bring.

Asset Multiplier Comments

  • SBIN has reported a robust performance and has fought off the COVID-19 impact and displayed resilience in asset quality performance. The bank has been reporting continued traction in earnings, led by controlled provisions.
  • The improved credit growth prospects, stable NIMs and improving asset quality with adequate provisioning coverage will help SBIN to achieve its target of delivering 15% ROE through various cycles.

Consensus Estimate (Source: Market screener and TIKR Websites)

 

  • The closing price of SBIN was ₹ 529/- as of 09-November-21. It traded at 2x/1.5x/1x the book value per share estimates of ₹ 302/343/388 for FY22E/ FY23E/ FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 620/- implies a price/book value multiple of 2x on FY23E BPS of ₹ 343/-

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Collection efficiency improved by 16% in 2QFY22 – Bandhan Bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, NIFTY closed flat at 17,890 (-0.2%) led by REALTY (+4.0%), PSU BANK (+2.4%), and MEDIA (+1.0%). Those in red were METAL (-2%), OIL & GAS (-0.8%) and HEALTHCARE (-0.6%). Top gainers in NIFTY50 were MARUTI (+2.2%), NTPC (+2%), and TITAN (+2%). The top losers were TATASTEEL (-3.4%), GRASIM (-2.2%), and JSWSTEEL (-2%).

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Chandra Shekhar Ghosh, MD & CEO, Bandhan Bank with CNBC-TV18 on 01st November 2021:

  • Asset quality is improving since the last quarter. In Q1, they faced a severe effect of the second wave of COVID-19, but from September it improved in a way that gives comfort to the bank and its future growth is coming
  • From Q1 to Q2, collection efficiency has improved by 16% and the Special Mention Account-0 (SMA-0) has become half, SMA-1 has come 25 percent down and SMA-2 is flat because they made higher provisions in this quarter.
  • Restructured book amount is ₹ 83.3 bn.
  • The second wave was severe than the first wave and the second wave entered the Eastern region which is Bandhan Bank’s core area in May. Hence, the May-June months were affected by that and the impact was seen in Q1FY22.
  • Eventually, August witnessed some improvement and September is when the bank saw a pick-up.
  • The Assam government has informed customers that if they don’t pay their respective dues, their credit history will be affected and they will not get credit in the future.
  • Ground-level customers are returning back and hence collection efficiency improved by 33% from June to September particularly in Assam.
  • Small borrowers are asking for time which is duly provided and it is seen that 66% of these borrowers are paying to the bank and NPA customers are also paying 65% to them
  • As a result, all of these customers don’t belong to the NPA bucket, they belong to the regular bucket.
  • Every day, 14,000 of Bandhan Bank’s customers are closing their loans which means they are coming to the regular category from the restructured and NPA one.
  • If this continues, the bank expects this to normalize in the next couple of months.

Asset Multiplier Comments

  • Bandhan Bank declared 2QFY22 earnings recently and reported a loss, impacted by significantly higher provisions. The Bank has provided for NPA to protect its balance sheet from the potential impact of a 3rd Covid wave.
  • With economic activity picking up ahead of the festive season, we believe credit growth will pick up. The bank is likely to be a beneficiary of this.

Consensus Estimate (Source: market screener websites)

  • The closing price of Bandhan Bank was ₹ 309/- as of 02-November-21. It traded at 3x/2x/2.1x the book value estimate of ₹ 102/130/150 for FY22E/ FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 310/- implies a Price/book multiple of 2.1x on the FY24E book value of ₹ 150/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Will continue to take contingent provisions for Vodafone-Idea – IndusInd bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Wednesday, NIFTY closed 0.1% lower at 17,547. Top gainers in NIFTY50 were COALINDIA (+3.6%), TECHM (+3.6%), and HINDALCO (+2.7%). The top losers were NESTLEIND (-1.5%), HDFC (-1.4%), and ICICIBANK (-1.2 %). The top gaining sectors were MEDIA (+13.6%), REALTY (+8.5%), and METAL (+1.5%) while the top sectoral losers were FINANCIAL SERVICES (-0.9%), BANK (-0.8%), and PRIVATE BANK (-0.7%).

Will continue to take contingent provisions for Vodafone-Idea – IndusInd bank

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Sumant Kathpalia, MD & CEO – IndusInd bank (INDUSINDBK), aired on CNBC TV18 on 21st September 2021:

  • INDUSINDBK has planned a credit cost of 160-190 bps for FY22E with an additional 60-70 bps contingent provisions for Vodafone-Idea exposure. Will continue to take extra provision. There have been structural positive developments in case of the industry, but INDUSINDBK will wait for any further action from the Vodafone-Idea promoters before revising/lowering their planned provisions.
  • Collection efficiency in vehicle finance has been improving every month from the June-21 levels. In August, net collection was 97.5%. The bus segment and 3-wheeler segment are impacted due and require restructuring.
  • In the micro finance (MFI) segment, collections have to be looked at state wise. The overall portfolio efficiency is 94% barring states of Kerala, West Bengal, and Orissa that have accessibility issues. MFI will bounce back much stronger in 2HFY22 when covid-19 concerns reduce further.
  • In the vehicle finance book, seeing robust growth in car loans- especially used cars and scooters (90-95% of pre-covid), tractors (140% of pre-covid), construction equipment, LCVs (90-95% of pre-covid), and HCV (70%). Vehicle finance disbursements are almost coming to pre-covid levels (95-97%).
  • INDUSINDBK has been cautious with growth in MFI segment- specifically in Kerala, West Bengal, and Orissa and overall disbursement is at 70-80% of pre-covid levels.
  • On the non-vehicle side the bank is seeing growth coming back in loan against property LAP, MSME, commercial banking, and working capital.
  • In 1QFY22 loan book declined QoQ, whereas, management expects 2QFY22E to have some growth, but real growth will come in 2HFY22E.
  • FY22E exit growth in advances should be in double digits.
  • Within the corporate book, large corporates are seeing public sector spending but private sector capex has not taken off as expected, while working capital growth is robust. On the commercial side, there is deleveraging happening, while MSME is showing robust growth.
  • FY22E NIMs should be in the range of 4.15% to 4.25%. NIMs in 1QFY22 were 4.06% due to excess liquidity, and that will continue in 2QFY22E.
  • INDUSIND’s PPOP (Pre-provisioning Operating Profit) will continue to be be 5%+.
  • GNPA should remain within range of 2.6%-2.7% GNPA, and begin to reduce gradually, NPA should remain in range of 0.75%-0.84%
  • Restructuring book will increase in 2QFY22E as some vehicle finance segments need an extension in repayment.

Asset Multiplier comments:

  • Vehicle segments of buses and 3 wheelers have been impacted due to lower demand as schools, colleges and many offices are still shut. 3-wheeler drivers depend on the daily income and hence find it difficult to service loans when the requirement of 3-wheelere is lesser. Lending institutions across board are seeing asset quality issues in the vehicle finance space.
  • Corporate growth trends remain to be seen as there has been an increased focus on balance sheet strengthening across industries. Higher deleveraging and investing from internal cash flows could lead to lower corporate loan book growth for lenders.

Consensus Estimate: (Source: market screener and investing.com websites)

  • The closing price of INDUSINDBK was ₹ 1,143/- as of 22-September-2021.  It traded at 1.9x/1.6x/1.4x the consensus BVPS estimate of ₹ 615/693/804 for FY22E/23E/24E respectively.
  • The consensus price target is ₹ 1,139/- which trades at 1.4x the BVPS estimate for FY24E of ₹ 804/-

 

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Bank to see a greater expansion in rural areas – HDFC bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, NIFTY ended lower at 17,362 (-0.1%) as it closed 40 points below the opening level of 17,402. Among the sectoral indices, CONSUMER DURABLES (+1.0%), FMCG (+0.3%), and FINANCIAL SERVICES (+0.2%) ended higher, whereas REALTY (-2.3%), IT (-1.3%), and PSU BANK (-1.3%) ended lower. Among the stocks, BHARTIARTL (+2.6%), HDFC (+2.5%), and GRASIM (+1.6%) led the gainers while SUNPHARMA (-2.2%), BPCL (-1.8%), and HINDALCO (-1.8%) led the losers.

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Rahul Shukla, Group Head, Commercial & Rural Banking, of HDFC Bank (HDFCBANK) with Economic Times on 6th September 2021:

  • The reality is very different from what is spoken about in TV newsrooms. The commercial vehicle and construction equipment business is strong, credit utilisation by MSMEs is steadily increasing every month, the healthcare sector is fairly credit-strong.
  • The bank continues to expand its geographic footprint, extending credit in rural and semi-urban areas of the country, and sees no credit challenges in finding new business.
  • The bank is active in transportation finance, where it finances trucks, construction equipment, and tractors. The disbursements in July were 40% higher than in June, and in August, were 20-25% higher than in July.
  • The bank operates in 100,000 villages and in two years, it may expand to 200,000 villages. Even if it’s a huge jump, it is still only 30% of the market. The bank has a robust digital platform which has helped it to add new customers.
  • Rural lending today is about 90% crop-based lending. Crop-based lending is largely related to the price of dal and sugarcane. As the ecosystem is completely changing, there is a lot of push in vegetables, fruits, poultry, piggery, etc. which accounts for 60-65% of the crop-based lending.

Asset Multiplier Comments

  • Banks were willing to lend to the rural population during the 1st covid wave period as they were not as much affected as urban areas. The rural population was largely affected during the 2nd covid wave, and it is still recovering from the impact. Therefore, the dynamics related to lending may be different going forward.
  • HDFC Bank has seen a reduction in interest expenses and other operating expenses over the last 5 years. This trend is likely to continue in the upcoming years as the bank continues to manage its deposits and borrowings well. With reducing provisions led by an increase in NPA recoveries, the bank’s increasing geographic footprint, and well-balanced CASA deposits, we expect the bank’s prospects to improve further.

Consensus Estimate: (Source: market screener website and investing.com website)

  • The closing price of HDFCBANK was ₹ 1,570/- as of 07-Sept-2021. It traded at 3.7x/3.2x/2.7x the consensus book value estimate of ₹ 423/488/574 for FY22E/FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 1,760/- implies a PB multiple of 3.1x on FY24E BVPS of ₹ 574/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Ambitious to take ROE to 18% – Axis Bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, Nifty 50 closed at a record high of 17,132 (+1.2%), led by BHARTIARTL (+6.7%), BAJFINANCE (+5.1%), and HINDALCO (+4.9%). The top losers were TATAMOTORS (-1.5%), NESTLEIND (-1.2%), and INDUSINDBK (-1.2%). The sectoral gainers were led by METAL (+1.5%), HEALTHCARE (1.4%), and IT (+1.4%). MEDIA (-0.1%) was the only sector that ended in the red.

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Amitabh Chaudhry, MD & CEO, Axis Bank (AXISBANK) published in The Economic Times on 27th August 2021:

  • There are reasonable indications that the private capex creation has started, but only in some segments at this stage. The private sector capex is robust in segments such as upstream refinery, steel, cement, chemical, pharma, renewable, and storage systems.
  • The government has come up with a scheme inviting investments into the electronics and industrial automation, logistics, and export-oriented industries. The government is also investing in railways, roads, and highways. An accommodative stance by the RBI and the government is helping in the economic revival.
  • A lot of retail customers were supported in the first covid wave through two specific moratoriums and restructuring. This resulted in retail delinquencies not being as high as estimated. During the second wave, there was no moratorium and a lot of customers who availed of the moratorium were adversely impacted by the second wave.
  • For AXISBANK, a lot of the slippages on the retail side were from secured assets and loan-to-value against the secured assets were low. Either the customer repays, or the bank sells the assets. Hence, recovery was never an issue, it was a timing issue.
  • The stimulus led to a system liquidity surplus resulting in lower market borrowing rates. As a result, well-rated corporates are sitting on huge piles of cash and have repaid their borrowings. As a result, the credit growth of the industrial sector is being led by mid-sized corporates and some refinancing.
  • AXISBANK believes there are considerable credit opportunities as the economy starts reviving.
  • The bank is already operating in the zone of 15-16% Return on Equity (ROE). The ambition is to take it to 18%, which is an uphill battle.
  • AXISBANK believes it is very important to scale the subsidiaries further over the next couple of years.
  • Over the past 5 years, the acceleration towards embracing technology with the rapid emergence of fintech and Covid has only hastened the pace. AXISBANK recognised a few years back the need to scale up investments in technology. The technology spend has gone up ~78% in the last 2 years.
  • The entire strategy of AXISBANK on the digital front is around challenging themselves and working in partnerships with fintechs to provide solutions. AXISBANK will expand partnerships with fintechs going forward.
  • There are significant growth opportunities for the next 5-7 years. The Bank is laying the foundation for the future where it can capitalise on business opportunities in every segment.

Asset Multiplier Comments

  • Though slippages could remain elevated in the near term, healthy PCR (Provision Coverage Ratio) protects the Balance Sheet against any potential stress.
  • The bank is positive on economic revival which will lead to credit growth, healthy NIMs eventually helping to achieve the Bank’s target of 18% ROE.
  • With the work-from-anywhere culture and remote decision making, each organisation has realised that technology up-gradation is non-negotiable. AXISBANK has taken a step in the right direction by undertaking technology investments and execution of transformation projects.

Consensus Estimate: (Source: market screener and investing.com websites)

  • The closing price of AXISBANK was ₹ 738/- as of 31-August-2021. It traded at 2.0x/ 1.8x/ 1.5x the consensus book value estimate of ₹ 370/ 420/ 479 for FY22E/FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 871/- implies a PB multiple of 1.8x on FY24E BV of ₹ 479/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Over 50% of slippages from the MSME sector: Canara Bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Thursday, NIFTY closed at 15,779 (+0.4%). Top gainers in NIFTY50 were Hindalco (+10.1%), Tata Steel (+6.8%), and SBI (+4.1%). The top losers were Maruti (-2.3%), Power Grid (-2.1%), and Bajaj Auto (-1.6%). The top sectoral gainers were METAL (+5.0%), PSU BANK (+3.2%), and REALTY (+1.6%) and the sectoral losers were FMCG (-1.0%), AUTO (-0.4%), and PHARMA (-0.3%).

Excerpts of an interview with Mr LV Prabhakar, MD, Canara Bank (CANBK) with ET Now dated 28th July 2021:

  • As far as slippages are concerned, they had given the guidance earlier in the quarter that their slippages will be around Rs 40bn. They worked on those lines.
  • As far as the retail is concerned, their NPA is only 1.5%. One thing is timely assistance to these people, retail as well as MSME, and the second one is restructuring also helped a lot in assessing these people, at the same time controlling the NPAs.
  • Out of Rs 42.5 bn slippages, about 55% to 58% is from MSME and 18% to 20% is it from retail. The rest is from other sectors.
  • The lockdown led to the closure of business and cash flows were not there for MSME borrowers, as well as other people. It was a challenge in the month of April and May.
  • In June, their collection efficiency increased to 91%. RBI resolution framework has helped a lot in assessing these people and in controlling the NPAs by restructuring the loans, wherever it is required.
  • The best part of this restructuring, as far as their bank is concerned, is under MSME. They have restructured about Rs 33 bn and retail about Rs 76 bn and the total amount are over Rs 132 bn.
  • After restructuring the people have started paying the instalments and already out of this, they have recovered about Rs 640 bn, out of which Rs 350 mn is an advance payment.
  • They are going to have about 12% of their share in the equity and they are working on the accounts which can be transferred to this ARC with the approval of the board.
  • In the last five quarters, every quarter, QoQ, the bank is strengthening the balance sheet. They are controlling the expenses. They are increasing the fee-based income because of which today their operating profit is at Rs 57 bn YoY; there is a growth of 34%.
  • As far as loan book is concerned, corporate is about 45% and in the next couple of quarters, they do not see any stress as far as infrastructure and NBFC accounts are concerned because accounts have already passed through the stage. Now they are out of that impact of COVID.
  • As far as provisions are concerned, as of date, all the accounts are amply provided. The provision coverage ratio is 81.18%. The bank is in a better position today compared to one year earlier when the provision coverage ratio was only 70%.
  • Bank feels that subsidiaries have a lot of potentials and going forward this potential is going to increase significantly.
  • Canara Bank stands 6th among 44 banks in the digital banking area. Going forward they are encouraging their customers to do more and more transactions through digital mode and they are encouraging their staff to handhold the customers to use the digital mode. Especially mobile banking, internet banking and also the debit cards and the credit cards to a larger extent, in which they have achieved significant success.

Asset Multiplier comments:

  • The future of banking will be driven by major technological changes and will keep transforming. 
  • The future of banking is ‘Digital’.  since most banks have already undergone their digital transformation, it will help in further stabilizing the Indian Banks.

Consensus Estimate: (Source: market screener and investing.com websites)

  • The closing price of CANBK was ₹ 150/- as of 29-July-2021.  It traded at 0.5x/ 0.4x/ 0.4x the consensus book value of ₹ 319/ 347/ 426 for FY22E/23E/24E respectively.
  • The consensus price target is ₹ 160/- which trades at 0.4x the book value for FY24E of ₹ 426/-

 Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

 

Focus on Technology aided Market Share Growth – SBI

Update on Indian Equity Market:
On Tuesday, markets ended lower with Nifty closing 120 points down at 15,632. ASIANPAINT (+5.4%), ULTRACEMCO (+1.8%), HINDUNILVR (+1.0%) were the top gainers on the index while HINDALCO (-3.7%), INDUSINDBK (-3.2%) and TATASTEEL (-2.7%) were the top losers for the day. Among the sectoral indices, FMCG (+0.1%) was the sole gainer, while MEDIA (-2.6%), REALTY (-2.5%) and METAL (-2.3%) were top losers.

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Dinesh Khara, Chairman of SBI with ET NOW on 16th July 2021:

  • SBI’s growth is directly linked with India’s growth story. The Bank expects its loan book to grow across both working capital and term loan segments at 8% if the Indian economy grows around the same rate.
    The 2nd wave impact has been reduced now. The activities are recovering to March-21 i.e pre- 2nd wave levels due to a dip in cases and increased vaccination exposure, the commodity cycle and consumer demand are now back to March-21 levels.
  • The Bank was not caught off guard during the 2nd wave as it was during the first wave. It was well prepared and did not face headwinds during the second wave.
  • RBI’s timely intervention to address resolutions of NPAs has helped the bank manage its asset quality with regards to exposure to the MSME sector and has provided much-needed relief for the sector.
    SBI is a proxy for the Indian economy.
  • The NPA cycle, both net and gross, has reached a 5 year low, so the growth in the Indian Economy in the longer term and the bank’s capabilities to manage its loan book indicate a similar trajectory going ahead.
  • Listing of SBI MF is on the cards, the discussion is ongoing with the JV Partner. They are awaiting a unanimous decision and expect some movement in the upcoming quarters.
  • Fintech Space dominated by Paytm is demonstrating attractiveness to premium valuations, however, the Bank wants to focus its fintech segment SBI YONO to create long-term value for its stakeholders and doesn’t plan to list it for an IPO.
  • Fintech players operate in a niche segment, who don’t offer full-scale banking operations, so it’s an excellent opportunity for the bank to collaborate with such players to expand its growth drivers.
  • The Flight to Safety approach in uncertain times has helped large banks grow their liabilities and by extension, their loan book during the pandemic, the bank expects further consolidation of market share among top players.
  • The Capex and Credit Cycle recovery is evidential in the Cement, Iron and Steel, and the FMCG sectors with some capacity expansion on the cards.

Asset Multiplier Comments:

  • SBI, India’s largest bank is a proxy to India’s growth story. The bank is well-positioned to take benefit of all the disruptions and growth possibilities offered by the pandemic.
  • SBI has separated itself from other PSU banks that are riddled with operational inefficiencies and rigid cost structures, making it an attractive proposition in the banking sector.

Consensus Estimates (Source: market screener website):

  • The closing price of SBI was ₹ 421/- as of 20-July-2021. It traded at 1.4x/1.2x/1x the Book Value per Share (BVPS) estimate of ₹ 309/ ₹ 354/ ₹ 397 for FY22E/23E/24E respectively.
  • The consensus price target is ₹ 515/- which trades at 1.3x the BVPS estimate for FY24E of ₹ 397/-

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”