Tag - asset quality

Focused on creating organic and inorganic business opportunities – IndusInd Bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, NIFTY closed in the green at 17,266 (+0.3%) near its high of 17,300. Among the sectoral indices, PSU BANK (+0.8%), METAL (+0.8%), and PHARMA (+0.5%) were the top gainers and MEDIA (-1%), REALTY (-0.8%) and IT (-0.3%) were the sectoral losers. TATASTEEL (+3%), CIPLA (+2.0%), and RELIANCE (+1.7%) were the top gainers. ONGC (-2.8%), POWERGRID (-1.8%), and SBILIFE (-1.3%) were among the top losers.

Excerpts from an interview of Mr. Sumant Kathpalia, MD & CEO, IndusInd Bank (INDUSINDBK) with Economic Times dated 07th February 2022:

  • INDUSINDBK had slowed down their microfinance business and hence the disbursements grew only by 3% sequentially. Disbursement growth came at 4.5% without microfinance as always guided by the company.
  • On deposits, they are as good as the industry and are very comfortable with the way the growth is coming back.
  • Microfinance currently holds 12.5% of INDUSINDBK’s portfolio. It has guided about the proportion being limited to 15% of the total portfolio. It has diversified the rural vertical into various other businesses and is growing rapidly in the merchant acquiring business.
  • The deep rural book that is of ₹ 1500 mn currently, is expected to reach a value of ₹ 5,000 mn by the end of FY23E.
  • INDUSINDBK has launched a new platform with a focus on five verticals. Out of these, easy credit for personal loans and credit cards are already launched. It is in the market since January and the company is seeing a rapid increase in disbursements as well as the experience the clients are getting in it.
  • They have launched ‘Indus Wheels’ which specifically focuses on vehicle finance and they expect to see a different used car experience in the market from February end or March onwards.
  • INDUSINDBK has launched one or two commercials about their merchant acquiring business and saw a good response to the same. They have a few launches lined up that will be millennial prepositions, hugely interactive offering personalized user experience.
  • They have created provisions of ₹ 3,328 mn as a protection against any future shocks. They have also done a ₹ 1,400 mn provision on the restructured book.
  • The company will now lend at 230 bps and believes that the credit cost should settle around 120 to 150bps.
  • INDUSINDBK has always been interested in para-banking. They are looking to add a fourth domain which can come out of affordable housing, wealth management, mortgage, or a business like a merchant acquisition. The main objective of this domain is to create a business opportunity that can be organic or inorganic.
  • The promoters of the bank are awaiting the operating guidelines on the 26% promoter limit allowed by the RBI. Once these guidelines are clear and if the bank needs funds, the promoters will be the first ones to infuse capital into the company.
  • Vodafone-Idea business has to start playing out for INDUSINDBK to reverse its provisions. Vodafone is expected to come back to the banker’s consortium wagon with a definitive business plan about how they will raise funds and how the business is going to grow. Once that is finalised, how Vodafone’s business gets executed over two or three quarters will decide if the provisions will start reversing.
  • MSME and SME sectors are growing. On the corporate and on the MSME side, the company is confident about being ahead of the market and not an outlier.
  • Kathpalia expects the central bank will continue to support growth and the increase in rates will not be passed on to the end consumers immediately.
  • Four things to look at in FY23 for INDUSINBK: 1) Now that the balance sheet is stable, they will be focused on the bank’s growth momentum, 2) PPOP margins have been highest or second highest in the industry around 5.9% to 6% and will be maintained between 5.75% to 6%. 3) Credit costs are expected to swing back and land between 120 and 150 bps and 4) The bank’s fourth domain should come into existence in the form of para banking or affordable housing or wealth management.

Asset Multiplier comments:

  • With economic activities picking up, the disbursements in vehicle finance and microfinance are expected to start gaining momentum.
  • The bank has sufficient provisioning which is expected to reduce credit costs and improve its margin trajectory in the subsequent quarters.
  • We expect healthy traction in the bank’s loan book and an increase in disbursements due to the introduction of technology-driven services.

Consensus Estimate: (Source: Market screener and investing websites)

  • The closing price of IndusInd Bank was ₹ 938/- as of 08-February-2022.  It traded at 1.5x/1.3x/1.2x the consensus book value per share estimate of ₹ 611/688/784/- for FY22E/FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus average target price is ₹ 1,267/- which implies a P/BV multiple of 1.6x on FY24E BVPS of ₹ 784/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Collection efficiency improved by 16% in 2QFY22 – Bandhan Bank

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, NIFTY closed flat at 17,890 (-0.2%) led by REALTY (+4.0%), PSU BANK (+2.4%), and MEDIA (+1.0%). Those in red were METAL (-2%), OIL & GAS (-0.8%) and HEALTHCARE (-0.6%). Top gainers in NIFTY50 were MARUTI (+2.2%), NTPC (+2%), and TITAN (+2%). The top losers were TATASTEEL (-3.4%), GRASIM (-2.2%), and JSWSTEEL (-2%).

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Chandra Shekhar Ghosh, MD & CEO, Bandhan Bank with CNBC-TV18 on 01st November 2021:

  • Asset quality is improving since the last quarter. In Q1, they faced a severe effect of the second wave of COVID-19, but from September it improved in a way that gives comfort to the bank and its future growth is coming
  • From Q1 to Q2, collection efficiency has improved by 16% and the Special Mention Account-0 (SMA-0) has become half, SMA-1 has come 25 percent down and SMA-2 is flat because they made higher provisions in this quarter.
  • Restructured book amount is ₹ 83.3 bn.
  • The second wave was severe than the first wave and the second wave entered the Eastern region which is Bandhan Bank’s core area in May. Hence, the May-June months were affected by that and the impact was seen in Q1FY22.
  • Eventually, August witnessed some improvement and September is when the bank saw a pick-up.
  • The Assam government has informed customers that if they don’t pay their respective dues, their credit history will be affected and they will not get credit in the future.
  • Ground-level customers are returning back and hence collection efficiency improved by 33% from June to September particularly in Assam.
  • Small borrowers are asking for time which is duly provided and it is seen that 66% of these borrowers are paying to the bank and NPA customers are also paying 65% to them
  • As a result, all of these customers don’t belong to the NPA bucket, they belong to the regular bucket.
  • Every day, 14,000 of Bandhan Bank’s customers are closing their loans which means they are coming to the regular category from the restructured and NPA one.
  • If this continues, the bank expects this to normalize in the next couple of months.

Asset Multiplier Comments

  • Bandhan Bank declared 2QFY22 earnings recently and reported a loss, impacted by significantly higher provisions. The Bank has provided for NPA to protect its balance sheet from the potential impact of a 3rd Covid wave.
  • With economic activity picking up ahead of the festive season, we believe credit growth will pick up. The bank is likely to be a beneficiary of this.

Consensus Estimate (Source: market screener websites)

  • The closing price of Bandhan Bank was ₹ 309/- as of 02-November-21. It traded at 3x/2x/2.1x the book value estimate of ₹ 102/130/150 for FY22E/ FY23E/FY24E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 310/- implies a Price/book multiple of 2.1x on the FY24E book value of ₹ 150/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Will offer better interest rates to depositors once loan book starts growing – State Bank of India

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, NIFTY ended marginally higher at 15208 (+0.1%) as it could not sustain the intraday higher levels. Among the sectoral indices, MEDIA (+3.2%), IT (+1.0%), and AUTO (+0.7%) ended higher while PSU BANK (-1.3%), PRIVATE BANK (-0.9%), and BANK (-0.8%) led the losers. Among the stocks, ASIANPAINT (+3.5%), TITAN (+3.3%), and JSWSTEEL (+3.0%) led the gainers while HDFCBANK (-1.9%), HDFCLIFE (-1.4%), and AXISBANK (-1.2%) led the losers.

Excerpts of an interview with Mr. Dinesh Khara, Chairman, State Bank of India (SBIN) published in The Economic Times on 23rd May 2021:

  • SBIN has been cautious in terms of building a healthy balance sheet. After careful evaluation and ensuring there are enough risk mitigants, they underwrite the risk.
  • There has been a growth in the retail book, and the retail book’s stress is the least possible. The growth in the retail book provides a decent earnings headroom in the future.
  • The corporate credit growth in 4QFY21 looks muted but they have sanctioned limits that have been utilised to the extent of ~30%. They have seen 70% utilisation. There are sanctioned term loans that have not been availed to the extent of 28-30%.
  • They expect strong growth post demand recovery once Covid 2.0 subsidies. He is hopeful of robust credit growth in the corporate segment going forward. The Agriculture segment is going to be in focus in FY22 in addition to retaining the retail advances growth.
  • The resolution framework (RF) 2 announced on May 5 allows the banks to offer the resolution up to Rs 250 mn to individuals. The individuals in the personal loan segment can be offered the resolution or restructuring as needed.
  • SBIN does not expect much of a problem in the cash flow of their retail borrowers. There could be some anxieties but the bank isn’t concerned much.
  • When it comes to raising funds from the market, it is a function of liquidity in the market. Going forward, Mr. Khara believes the corporates will continue to borrow from banks. Depending upon their risk rating, corporates will be looking at borrowing from the markets. Bank borrowing or borrowing from the market, the only difference is the instrument. SBIN is a strong player in the market borrowing and has a treasury book of Rs 13000 bn.
  • In 4QFY21, the credit costs have gone down by more than 100bps but credit costs evolve as it will be a function of the macro and how the book behaves going forward. They would prefer to maintain the credit costs at these levels because going below the current levels would affect the profitability.
  • SBIN would prefer to offer better interest rates to depositors once the loan book starts growing.
  • Khara believes the deposit rates have bottomed out and there would not be any further cutting down of the deposit rate.
  • Economic situation permitting, SBIN would like to build the loan book and he expects to grow at a pace of at least 10%.

Asset Multiplier Comments

  • SBIN has been focusing on improving asset quality with credit cost and slippages reported in 4QFY21 being the lowest in 20 years. Despite Covid-19 induced stress, the retail loan book has done well and is stable.
  • With a gradual recovery in the return ratios, there could be a much better translation of operating profit to net profit in FY22-23E led by lower credit costs.

Consensus Estimate: (Source: market screener and investing.com websites)

  • The closing price of SBIN was ₹ 414/- as of 25-May-2021. It traded at 1.4x/ 1.2x the consensus book value estimate of ₹ 300/ 339 for FY22E/FY23E respectively.
  • The consensus target price of ₹ 456/- implies a PB multiple of 1.3x on FY23E BV of ₹ 339/-.

Disclaimer: “The views expressed are for information purposes only. The information provided herein should not be considered as investment advice or research recommendation. The users should rely on their own research and analysis and should consult their own investment advisors to determine the merit, risks, and suitability of the information provided.”

Edelweiss: Liquidity to improve after a few months

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Monday, NIFTY closed lower by 0.4%. NIFTY Media (+1.3%), NIFTY Pvt Bank (+0.2%) and NIFTY Bank (+0.1%) were the sectoral indices that closed positive. Among the decliners, the worst performers were NIFTY Pharma (-3.4%), NIFTY Metal (-1.2%) and NIFTY Realty (-1.2%).

Edelweiss: Liquidity to improve after a few months

Excerpts from an interview with Mr. Rashesh Shah- Chairman & CEO, Edelweiss Group published in Economic Times dated 4th October 2019.

  • Though Edelweiss has NBFC business, it is a diversified group. The business includes asset management, wealth management, Asset Reconstruction Company and a lot of other businesses. Edelweiss has always focussed on being a diversified group.
  • The overall book of Edelweiss is not expected to grow but the wholesale/retail mix will go more in favor of retail. Whatever repayments are coming in wholesale, are being used to grow retail.
  • The availability of liquidity has been fairly okay. The partial credit guarantee scheme that was announced in the budget will get operationalized soon and the expectation is about Rs 350-400 bn of the asset portfolios of NBFCs will be bought by banks. This will give a lot of additional liquidity to NBFCs. The credit cycle should start coming back because of this improved liquidity.
  • The stress in the corporate book, wholesale book, and the cash flow has been there for one year. The only good news is that there is no unknown anymore. Everybody knows what sort of cash flows can be expected and everybody is aligned with that.
  • In another three to six months, a lot of things should be back to normal for liquidity in the economy as a whole.
  • Overall, while credit was frozen around April- June, the banking system, especially the PSU banks have opened up the credit flow into the economy. The optimism is more now compared to three months ago.  On the whole, the banking system is on a much better footing to ensure that the economy does not freeze up and make sure that the free flow of credit continues.
  • In the next three to six months things should at least get normalized and then improvement should start. At least, things have stopped getting worse in the last four-five weeks.
  • In terms of real estate, in India, it has been observed that if the project gets completed, then usually recoveries and sales are not a problem. The current effort is to make sure the projects get completed. Also, the demand-supply equation in housing has started to correct. Due to slower launches, the supply of inventory will slowly reduce and as the demand comes back with interest rates coming down and banks pushing home loans, the demand-supply equation will correct.
  • Edelweiss has a 20% portion of its balance sheet exposed to real estate. The P&L is further diversified by earnings from other businesses. The real estate book is also spread over 160 projects and is fairly granular. Out of the 160 projects, all along for the last 8-10 years, about 10 to 20% of the portfolio is always under watch because some intervention is required to make sure the project execution happens, and those parameters have not worsened.
  • Edelweiss has a lot of experience with ARC where they acquire NPAs from banks. Last year Edelweiss resolved quite a few of them with Rs 70 bn worth of recoveries in the ARC business. This year, the aim is for a Rs 120 bn recoveries in the ARC business.

Consensus Estimate (Source: market screener website) 

  • The closing price of Edelweiss was ₹ 78 /- as of 07-October-19. It traded at 8.6x /6.8x/ 5.1x. The consensus EPS for FY20E/ FY21E/ FY22E of ₹ 9.1/11.4/15.3 respectively.
  • Consensus target price of ₹ 169/- implies a PE multiple of 11.0x on FY22 EPS of ₹15.3/-

Indiabulls Housing Finance 1QFY20 result update: Asset quality deteriorates sequentially.

Dated: 7th August 2019

  • Loan assets declined 10% YoY to Rs 1,131 bn. The decline is primarily due to efforts taken for reduction in the Commercial Real Estate (CRE) book.
  • NII at Rs 14,750 mn was 13% lower YoY. Pre-provisioning operating profits at 12,536 mn were 15% lower YoY.
  • Provisions were at Rs 1,476 mn compared to Rs 649 mn and Rs 1,645 mn in 1QFY19 and 4QFY19 respectively.
  • PAT at Rs 8,020 mn was lower by 24% YoY.
  • Asset Quality worsened sequentially from GNPAs and NNPAs of 0.88% and 0.69% respectively in 4QFY19 to 1.47% and 1.10% respectively in 1QFY20.

Management Commentary:

  • IBHFL reduced exposure to CRE loans amounting to Rs 60 bn in 1QFY20. Efforts to reduce CRE exposure is in anticipation of the proposed merger with Lakshmi Vilas Bank (LVB).
  • Management has guided to quarterly disbursements of Rs 100 bn from 2QFY20. Guidance for loan book growth for FY20E is in mid-teens.
  • Management expects spreads to remain stable in 300-325 bps range.
  • IBHFL recovered Rs 7 bn from Palais Royale in 1QFY20 against earlier guidance of Rs 2 bn. Against the recovery, Rs 4.5 bn was used to make additional voluntary provisions. Under ECL norms, companies cannot make floating provisions. Hence IBHFL has proactively classified certain accounts as Stage 3 (including Zee group, CCD group) and provided against them.

Consensus estimates (Source: Marketscreener website):

  • IBHFL closing price (as on 07-08-2019) was Rs 446/- per share. It was trading at a P/B of 1.1x/ 0.9x its book value per share estimates of Rs 417/ 493 for FY20E/ FY21E respectively. Consensus target price over next 12 months is Rs 910/- implying P/B of 1.85x for FY21E BV of Rs 493