Tag - NCLT

SBI: FY20 expected to be the big year of recoveries for the banking sector

Update on the Indian Equity Market:

On Tuesday, NIFTY closed marginally higher at ~11,940 points (+0.5%). In the sector-wise performances, PSU BANK (+3.9%) was the best performing sector while METAL (-0.9%) was the worst-performing sector. Amongst the NIFTY 50 Stocks, INFRATEL (+11.0%), BHARTIARTL (+8.7%), AXISBANK (+3.7%) and RELIANCE (+3.6%) were the top gainers while YESBANK (-2.5%), M&M (-2.1%), ZEEL (-2.1%) and TCS (-2.0%) were the worst performers.

SBI: FY20 expected to be the big year of recoveries for the banking sector

Key takeaways from the interview of Mr Rajnish Kumar, Chairman of State Bank of India (SBI); dated 19th November 2019 on CNBC-TV18:

  • The Supreme Court recently set aside the July 4 order of the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) approving ArcelorMittal’s Rs 42,000-crore bid for acquiring debt-laden Essar Steel. The bench clarified that financial creditors enjoy primacy and the adjudicating authority cannot interfere with the decision approved by the committee of creditors.
  • Talking about the Supreme Court (SC) decision, Mr Kumar said that it was a big positive and he expects the Essar deal to conclude by the end of November 2019.
  • He is of the opinion that this was a landmark judgement, upholding the validity of the rules, laws, as per the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) Act and the recent amendments carried out by the Government of India (GoI) almost in entirety. SC made only one change; it removed the mandatory 330-day period. In case of unusual circumstances, National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) can relax or allow the time for a resolution plan to be implemented even beyond 330 days. 
  • Mr Kumar expects FY20 to be the year of recoveries for the banking sector with Essar Steel (~₹ 42,000 cr) judgement and the likes of Bhushan Power and Steel (~₹ 20,000 cr), Ruchi Soya and others (where the banking system’s exposure to each is ~ ₹ 5,000-8,000 cr) being lined up for under IBC.
  • The government introduced rules to resolve cases involving finance companies under section 227 of the IBC.  The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been vested with the power and, in consultation with the concerned ministry in the government, they can notify which company to be taken to the NCLT.
  • No financial creditor can take any Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC), Housing Finance Company (HFC) to NCLT. The power vests with the regulator (the RBI, in this case) to identify in consultation with the central government. It will take the matter u/s 227 to the NCLT and appoint an administrator. Once the NCLT has admitted the case, then the committee of creditors’ concept will come in. The rules also talk of an advisory committee. There will be clarity on this when a case is actually taken up.
  • Coming back to the Essar judgement, Mr Kumar mentioned that SBI has fully provided for the outstanding amount. Thus, any recovery will directly be recorded in the quarters’ profit and loss statement.

Consensus Estimate (Source: market screener and investing.com website)

  • The closing price of SBIN was ₹ 327/- as of 19-November-19. It traded at 1.3x / 1.2x / 1.0x the consensus Book Value for FY20E / 21E / 22E of ₹ 251/ 280/ 319 respectively.
  • Consensus target price of ₹ 366/- implies a Price to Book multiple of 1.1x on FY22E Book Value of ₹ 319/-.

Essar Steel Judgement Discussion by panel

Update on the Indian Equity Market: 

On Monday, NIFTY50 ended marginally negative at 11,884 (-10 bps). Bharti Airtel (+4.6%), Tata Steel (+4.4%) and UPL (+3.7%) were the top NIFTY50 gainers while Yes Bank (-4.3%), Bajaj Auto (-2.0%) and Britannia (-1.7%) were the worst-performing NIFTY50 stocks. NIFTY Metal (+1.8%), NIFTY PSU Bank (+1.4%) and NIFTY Pharma (+1.2%) were among the gainers. NIFTY AUTO (-0.4%), NIFTY FMCG (-0.4%) and NIFTY Financial services (-0.1%) were the top losing sectoral indices.

Essar Steel Judgement Discussion by the panel
Excerpts from the interview of Mr Rashesh Shah, Chairman and CEO, Edelweiss Financial Services; Mr Arijit Basu, MD, State Bank of India; Mr Bahram Vakil, founding partner, AZB & Partners; and Mr Shardul Shroff, executive chairman Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co and dated 18th November 2019. Source: Livemint

The Supreme Court’s judgment awarding Essar Steel Ltd to Arcelor Mittal has strengthened the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, empowered the committee of creditors and set a precedent for other similar cases, participants at a panel discussion said. 

Mr Rashesh Shah, Chairman, and CEO, Edelweiss Financial Services: Edelweiss Asset Reconstruction Company (ARC) has over ₹ 7,000-8,000 crs of exposure in Essar Steel Ltd.

  • According to him, it will take a couple of weeks for the recovery to come through.
  • Edelweiss ARC will receive 25% of the payment while the balance will go to the respective banks.
  • According to him, the important thing is not only Essar Steel judgement, but there are at least another 8-10 cases which are also hinging upon the same principles which were raised on the Essar Steel case and those will also quickly get released.
  • He thinks between now to March 2020, there is a fair amount of liquidity that will get released in a lot of these NCLT cases because of the clarity of the judgement and the clarity on the grounds on which how all these NCLT cases will be resolved.
  • Edelweiss is expected to receive the money in two-three weeks’ time. This will require some paperwork, to make sure that due process is followed in allocation to avoid any kind of missteps in execution. This account is a large one with payment of almost US$6 billion.

Mr Arijit Basu, Managing Director SBI: State Bank of India (SBI) was to get around ₹ 12,000 crore

  • Mr Basu said, “We are working on the process, we would like things to move very fast now that everything has been now cleared by the Supreme Court. Let us see how it goes, I think the expectation is that things should move very fast.”
  • According to him, it is not just about Essar Steel but he feels that this judgement will bring in finality to the entire NCLT and the IBC process as was set up in 2016.
  • Various NCLT and NCLAT courts were giving diverse judgments and were leading to a lot of confusion.
  • The previous ruling of the Supreme Court: the amendments brought by the government in the IBC code itself now and this final judgment will lay down not only the rules for Essar Steel but will also give a very clear idea as to how everyone has to move forward including the committee of creditors.
  • Mr Basu thinks that an assessment has to be made which SBI is trying to work out of course regarding how much of more such cases are exclusively dependent on clarity coming in the NCLT process and how much of it is due to other delays which are happening because of the resolution process itself. So, maybe in a couple of days, SBI will be able to frame that.

Bahram Vakil, founding partner, AZB & Partners:

  • He said, “23rd October 2018 was when National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) Ahmedabad approved it. So it is not a small amount of time, I have not done the internal rate of return (IRR) calculation, but we have lost from October 23 till November 15, so just over a year if they had accepted it then.”
  • Recovery rates have been doubled from 25% to 46%, this judgement will probably take it to 48-49%, but the best in class worldwide is in the 80%.

Mr Shardul Shroff, executive chairman, Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co.:

  • The NCLAT has to go both by letter of the law and the spirit of the law. It is unequivocally clear that the Supreme Court has reiterated the fact that the decision of the Committee of Creditors (CoC) is final, they have the primacy and there is no authority in law for the NCLAT to substitute the judgement of the CoC by their own judgement.
  • According to him, now the question which will survive if at all is that if the CoC has made a decision which is contrary to the IBC, therefore for example if they have miscalculated the liquidation value or if they have not followed the requirement of ensuring that the operational creditors get the first bite at the cherry, those kinds of things if they are wrongly done by the CoC, those are the issues which will go by remand.

Consensus Estimate (Source: market screener website) 

  • The closing price of Edelweiss Financial Services Ltd was ₹ 129/- as of 18-November-19 and traded at 1.5x /1.3x /1.3x the consensus BVPS for FY20E / 21E / 22E of ₹ 85.7/95.7/102.0 respectively. Consensus target price of ₹ 157/- implies a PB multiple of 1.5x on FY22E BVPS of ₹ 102/-.
  • The closing price of State Bank of India Ltd was ₹ 325/- as of 18-November-19 and traded at 1.3x /1.2x /1.0x the consensus BVPS for FY20E / 21E / 22E of ₹ 251/280/319 respectively.