Over A Third of NBFC Loan book under Moratorium – EdelweissSharvari Joshi
Update on the Indian Equity Market:
On Friday, NIFTY closed in the red at 9,039 (-0.74%). Top gainers in NIFTY50 were ZEEL (+7.1%),
M&M (+4.4) and CIPLA (+3.3%). The top losers were AXISBANK (-5.2%), HDFC (-5.1%) and
BAJAJFINSERV (-4.6%). Top sectoral gainers were IT (+1.4%), Media (+1.2%) and Pharma (+0.8%) and
sectoral losers were Fin service (-3.1%), PVT bank (-2.8%) and Bank (-2.6%).
Excerpts of an interview with Rashesh Shah, CEO, Edelweiss group with Bloomberg dated 20th May 2020:
- Mr Shah said, “For us and for most NBFCs, about 35-38 per cent of the customers have availed of the moratorium. For the last 18 months, NBFCs have been squeezed for liquidity. Ironically, when we entered January 2020, I felt that liquidity had now been managed. And then Covid-19 happened.”
- NBFCs have been coping with a liquidity crisis ever since the collapse of the IL&FS Group in 2018.
- With the Covid-19 pandemic amplifying the economic slowdown, NBFCs are expected to face liquidity and solvency strains again. Moody’s Investors Services expects the moratorium to eventually weaken asset quality and add to liquidity stress.
- April has been extremely challenging for NBFCs from a liquidity perspective. That was particularly because, for NBFCs, the moratorium was a one-way ride. While they had to offer moratoriums to their own customers, they themselves did not receive similar relief on repayments from banks—sparking concerns of asset-liability and cash-flow mismatches.
- Non-bank lenders are continuing to repay their loans as scheduled. Most NBFCs have decided not to ask for a moratorium from banks and instead ask for fresh loans, as fresh funding can come on new terms and with a lot of specificity as to what you need.
- Mr Shah expects the company to pay back Rs 4,000 crore to banks as part of its normal repayment schedule. Their ask is they get these funds back as long-term repo operation bonds, a loan or some other form so that they can maintain their liquidity reserves.
- Mr Shah said Edelweiss, at any point, maintains at least Rs 6,000-8,000 crore of liquidity reserves. Over the last 18 months, the company has kept between 14-20% of its borrowings as liquidity reserves. That would be around 1.5-2.5 times their three-month repayments, Shah said. “We have been aiming for at least 2 times the three-month repayment as liquidity reserve and banks have seen that most NBFCs have reserves that will last at least till the end of July.”
- Despite the government’s initiatives for the NBFC sector, Mr Shah believes that non-bank lenders have been treated somewhat unfairly. Increasingly NBFCs have been curtailed in what they can do and cannot do.
- “The problem NBFCs are grappling with is asset-liability mismatch, when suddenly the commercial paper market and debt market closed down then the bank moratorium issue has come about, all this creates a lot of asset-liability mismatch risk.”, he added.
- Someone in the system needs to take the ALM risk,” he said. “Banks can take it because they have the RBI backstop. But in the last 18 months, we said NBFCs cannot take it, now we say mutual funds cannot take it, then who will take that risk?”
- Edelweiss also expects some amount of increase in stress and credit costs. However, since the company does not have a significant retail portfolio, it expects the risks to be limited. Credit cost was at 2% and then they had upped it to 4-4.5% of the book. It will now go to 5%.
- For the industry though, retail loans will see some stress in the near-to-medium term. Long term, collateralized loans will not see much of an impact. Short term unsecured loans will see a lot of impacts.
Consensus Estimate: (Source: market screener and investing.com websites)
- The closing price of EDELWEISS was ₹ 42/- as of 22-May-2020. It trades at 0.5x/ 0.4x its book value of ₹ 90.2 /100.0 for FY21E/22E respectively.
- The consensus price target of EDELWEISS is ₹ 99/- which trades at 1.0x the book value of ₹ 100/-